After five years of difficult and complex negotiations, the EU co-legislators have finally reached a political agreement on the revision of the fisheries control system.
Europêche has voiced its appreciation of the role played by the European Council and the Parliament to improve the rigorous proposal from the European Commission aimed at modernising the control and enforcement measures adopted back in 2009.
The sector will now analyse the final text and assess whether the agreement has succeeded in striking a good balance between effective control rules on the one hand and the level of costs, bureaucracy and workability of the rules on the other.
According to Europêche, decisions have been taken to make decisive progress towards a new EU control system, with policy makers able to overcome the remaining hurdles such as the installation of cameras on board or the permitted margin of error between catch estimates made on board and actual landings (margin of tolerance).
Some of the main measures are:
• Mandatory installation of cameras on board for vessels of >18 metres which pose a high risk of non-compliance with the landing obligation. Member states may impose the use of CCTV systems for other purposes and to smaller vessels.
• Mandatory introduction of engine power monitoring devices for certain vessels using active gears.
• Margin of tolerance of 10% per species, with certain flexibilities for catches below 100kg and for the small-pelagic and tropical tuna fisheries due to their specificities.
• Geolocation systems and electronic logbooks will gradually be made mandatory for small-scale fishing vessels, following transition periods.
• Harmonisation of infringements and establishment of minimum sanctions, levelling the playing field in EU waters.
• Better import controls and increased consumer protection, via modern traceability tools such the EU-wide digital database of catch certificates (CATCH).
• Better monitoring of recreational fisheries through registration, licensing and data collection of their catches electronically.
‘We appreciate the efforts made by the Parliament and the Council to reach compromises and introduce flexibilities for the implementation of the future control rules,’ said Europêche managing director Daniel Voces.
‘However, the introduction of cameras and other control devices have been harshly criticised by the sector as being intrusive. A positive development was that live streaming was avoided. It is now time to check whether the political agreement sets the foundations for a clear and efficient system that guarantees a level playing field, workable rules, acceptable control devices and overall makes life easier for fishers.’
Europêche Tuna Director Anne-France Mattlet commented that the control rule on margin of tolerance is currently incompatible with the conditions and specificities inherent to the fishing operations in the tropical tuna purse seine fishery.
‘We hope that the new framework makes the margin of tolerance operational, stops unfairly penalising only EU operators and that the subsequent implementing legislation is quickly adopted and proportionate,’ she said,
The resulting political agreement has to be officially endorsed by the Council and the Parliament in second reading in the next few months. Concerning entry into force of the new rules, some of these, such as the CCTV or the engine power monitoring devices, will become mandatory in four years’ time.