The MCA Code of Practice for Small Fishing Vessels (under 15 metres length overall) now includes a requirement for fishing boats to be inspected both in and out of the water every five years, as the code came into force this week.
Previously, the requirement had only been for fishing boats to be inspected in the water when first joining the UK Ship Register and after that inspected either in or out of the water once every five years.
This is part of ongoing work by the MCA and its partners in the Fishing Industry Safety Group to help reduce the number of deaths in the industry, according to David Fenner, who heads the fishing safety section at the MCA.
‘Fishing is one of the most dangerous industries with the rate of fatalities being approximately 100 times higher than that of the UK general workforce. These requirements are about making and bringing about changes that improve safety for those working at sea,’ he said.
Between 2012-2020 there were 52 fishing fatalities which translates to a figure of 50 fishermen in every 100,000 losing their lives at work. The national average across all sectors is 0.5 fatalities per 100,000.
There are about 12,000 fishermen and 5400 fishing vessels in the UK fleet.
The new code addresses crew protection and man overboard recovery, construction, watertight and weather-tight integrity, stability, machinery, electrical installations and in and out of water inspections.
‘These proposed requirements will bring big changes and safety improvements, there are now stability requirements for new and existing vessels, whilst vessels built to a standard have to be maintained to that standard and those that were not have to demonstrate they are safe and fit for purpose,’ David Fenner said.
‘We know that the fishing industry faces a number of challenges to comply with this code but it’s been written so that responsible owners will already be complying with many aspects of it. Ultimately though, there have been too many deaths and we want to make sure we’ve done all we can to reduce that risk with an enforceable code. The sea is dangerous and we want to make sure we do all we can to protect those who work in it.’
Approximately 65% of fatalities and 69% of fishing vessel losses between 2009 and 2020 were on vessels under 15 metres, run by what are most likely to be small and micro businesses.