Recognising that the recovery of the bigeye tuna stock requires balanced efforts and sacrifices by vessels using all fishing gears, the European purse seiners are fully assuming their share of this effort with a 21% reduction in their current fishing opportunities.
According to Europêche, which represented the European fishing sector at the 26th ICCAT meeting which closed in Palma de Mallorca last week, despite the significant socio-economic negative consequences, EU fishermen accept a TAC reduction to 62,500 tonnes in 2020 and 61,500 tonnes in 2021.
ICCAT has also decided to reduce the number of authorised FADs with operational buoys, from 500 units to 350 in 2020 and 300 in 2021. The international body furthermore agreed to extend the FAD fishing closure period to the entire Atlantic area for two months in 2020 and three months in 2021.
An intersession is already scheduled for 2020 to discuss, among other things, the allocation key of the new TAC between contracting parties. A yellowfin tuna TAC of 110,000 tonnes has been set for 2020, pending a new stock assessment of the Scientific Committee.
While these measures aim to reduce the fishing mortality of juvenile bigeye and yellowfin tuna, Europêche has expressed its concern at the unequal treatment of these measures, mainly relating to European purse seiners which represent less than 30% of catches of bigeye tuna in the Atlantic.
‘In stark contrast to the EU, some ICCAT contracting parties, in particular Asian countries which account for almost 50% of the total catches, objected to the adoption of any measure aimed at ensuring adequate control, monitoring and reduction of juvenile catches,’ commented Europêche president Javier Garat. He added that EU longliners will be able to continue fishing for shortfin mako shark in the North Atlantic.
‘It is vital for this fleet to keep retaining on board individuals that arrive dead to the vessel in order to limit the socio-economic impacts of the non-retention policy. Unfortunately, no consensus could be found on the adoption of management measures such as a TAC for which an ICCAT intersession in 2020 will be dedicated to study all the management scenarios presented in the report of the Scientific Committee. In the meantime, the measures adopted in 2017 are renewed for 2020,’ he said.
Europêche has welcomed the adoption of a TAC of 39,102 tonnes for North Atlantic blue shark and catch limits of 28,923 tonnes for the South Atlantic stock. These two measures will ensure the continuity of a sustainable exploitation of these species in the Atlantic.
‘We note with great disappointment the opposition and veto by China and Japan to the ICCAT recommendation on the conservation of sharks, which included the obligation to provide more data to scientists and landing sharks with the fins naturally attached to the body, an obligation already applied in the EU,’ Javier Garat stated.