The Brexit fisheries deal negotiated by the UK Government will mean a fall in the quantity of key fishing stocks landed by the Scottish fleet, according to Scottish Government analysis.
According to a Scottish Government statement, the Scottish industry will have access to less cod, haddock, whiting and saithe than under the Common Fisheries Policy – even at the end of the five-and-half year phase-in period.
This also has a potential knock on effect for harbours, fish markets and processors – fewer fish caught means fewer being landed and sold on for processing in facilities all around Scotland.
Under the new arrangements, cod and saithe landings are expected to be hit particularly hard, while there are modest gains for pelagic fisheries.
At present the Scottish fleet has its allocated quotas, has access to additional leased quota from other producers that cannot or do not want to fish as much as they have been allocated for a particular stock, and to quota swaps with other countries.
Swapping quotas with individual EU member states will no longer be allowed and leasing will be prohibitively expensive, reducing the quantity of fish in key stocks available for the Scottish industry to land, according to the Scottish government’s analysis of the deal.
Volumes of fish available to the Scottish industry will also fall because the Hague Preference which gave Scottish boats extra quota has also been lost under the Brexit deal. This entitlement had been used every year and is a further loss of fishing quotas valued at over £9 million.
‘The analysis of what the UK withdrawal agreement means for Scotland’s fishing interests is deeply troubling. Carried out by our internationally renowned fisheries specialists, it shows how Scotland’s interests are adversely impacted by the deal reached by the UK and the EU,’ said Fergus Ewing, Scotland’s Cabinet Secretary for the Rural Economy.
‘Scottish coastal communities were told that any Brexit deal would mean a very large rise in fishing opportunities. In fact for the key stocks that the Scottish industry depends on, far from seeing a big increase, there will actually be a fall in the quantity of fish they can land. We were assured that getting our own seat at the table as a coastal state in annual negotiations would result in gains for our fishing interests. Through this agreement, our ability to do that has been removed with the loss of leasing and swapping quota.’
According to the Scottish Government’s analysis, the UK Government also appears to have agreed to measures by the EU which will make no difference to Scottish fishing interests.
It has been suggested that the EU will give up 25% of its fish quota (in terms of value) in UK waters, but as much of this quota was not actually caught by the EU, there is no potential gain here for Scotland’s fishing industry in terms of getting access to stocks that were previously unavailable.
In the stocks where there has been a nominal increase in UK quota share, in the majority of cases the UK has only secured access to stocks where the EU was not currently fishing its full allocation.
For the UK side, some of the extra quota negotiated will not be able to be landed – and will be so-called ‘paper fish’. North Sea Sole is a stand-out example where the increase in share generates over £12 million in value for one species alone with a very high average price per tonne, but according to our analysis there is no ability to catch this additional fish in this particular fishery.
‘We were also told that a red line for the UK Government was that the fisheries deal would not be tied to the overall trade deal. In fact fisheries is hardwired into the overall deal meaning any attempt to reduce EU access in future will lead to trade sanctions – hitting key Scottish industries like salmon producers,’ Fergus Ewing said.
‘The Hague preference mechanism is another tool which we have now lost which helped increase available quota in key stocks in any given year – the UK Government did not even try to keep it available to us in the future. And the quota either being given up by the EU or negotiated as a win by the UK Government is of no worth nor value to Scottish fishing interests.’
He commented that worst of all, it may prove difficult to avoid this new transitional arrangement becoming permanent.
A key UK Government objective was to avoid a permanent link between access to waters and access to markets. But according to the analysis that is exactly what has resulted in the agreement, since reductions in access to waters give the other party the right to impose tariff measures on fisheries products. That could result in adverse effects on Scotland’s aquaculture industry, which is included in the international definition of fisheries products.
‘This is a terrible outcome for Scotland’s coastal communities,’ Fergus Ewing said.
‘The small gains in quota for mackerel and herring are far outweighed by the impact of losses of haddock, cod and saithe – and that threatens to harm on shore jobs and businesses too linked to harbours, fish markets and processing facilities. As our analysis shows, there is very little here to celebrate, and plenty to be worried about for the future of Scotland’s fishing interests.’
Scottish White Fish Producers Association chief executive Mike Park echoed Fergus Ewing’s sentiments, commenting that SWFPA members are deeply aggrieved at the very challenging situation they now face for 2021.
‘Whereas we have gained modest uplifts in shares for some stocks the stark reality is that the demersal sector enter 2021 facing significant shortfalls across a range of key species, which is down to the fact that we can no longer enter into direct swaps with colleagues in Europe,’ he said.
‘In addition, the issue of sovereignty and our future ability to negotiate additional shares after the five and a half year window would seem clouded by so much complexity that it is difficult at this time to see how the UK government can use its newly recovered sovereignty to improve the situation of my members.’