The nutritional-toxicological conflict related to seafood consumption was studied in detail in order to formulate clear recommendations to the Belgian population. Different probabilistic intake assessments using data from the Belgian SEAFOODplus consumer survey in 2004 were performed. The consumer survey was part of projects Project 2.3 SEA-INFOCOM and Project 2.1 CONSUMERSURVEY. The research described in the present SAN summarises the work published in three different papers and in the PhD thesis of Dr. Isabelle Sioen from Ghent University in Belgium. The conclusion is a positive message for seafood consumption: the health benefits from eating fish twice a week clearly outweigh eventual safety risks.